Cueva de San Borjita
The cave of San Borjita is one of the most extensively studied sites with cave paintings on the Baja California peninsula. It is located in a distant point of the Sierra de Guadalupe, in the municipality of Mulegé, and is until now the space that shelters one of the oldest cave paintings in Mexico and the American continent, as one of the two-color images that is in its interior has a temporality of 7,500 years before the present. One of the values that this enclosure has is to have been the first site with cave paintings studied in Mexico. This happened in the fifties of the last century when the journalist Fernando Jordán took Bárbara Dalgren and Javier Romero there, giving the beginning of the first field research work that sought to unravel the past that is preserved there. The inquiries of these researchers were advanced in their time since their approaches went well beyond the interpretations related to the magic of the hunt and other research topics that at that time were privileged in the explanation of the cave paintings of others parts of the world. That research team did a job of classifying the figures painted in four types, which are the following: Cardones, because they evoke the cacti that grow nearby; Scares, it seems; Bicolors, which also include single color figures; and the Eccentrics, which they thought were linked to the beliefs of the ancient settlers.
For some time the cave of San Borjita was considered by some interested in the peninsular past as the "cave painting cathedral of the American continent", and described as the expression of an "art of giants" comparable to other cultures that managed to evolve in later periods. The relatively early knowledge of the San Borjita cave has led to the use of log-based scaffolding since then to be able to paint large figures on the highest part of the cave roof. This assumption about the use of scaffolding was considered for other caves of greater height that are located in the San Francisco mountain range. The pictorial style of the figures in the San Borjita cave is different from that of the San Francisco mountain range, and that is why it was given the Sierra de Guadalupe style name. For Barbara Dalgren the cave paintings of San Borjita are representing a battle that shows the participation of different groups or "clans", which can be distinguished, according to their opinion, in the differences in the color of the figures and the headdresses of their heads. San Borjita.
Link Audio libro: Pinturas Rupestres Misiones y Oasis de la Baja California
Link Audio libro: Pinturas Rupestres Misiones y Oasis de la Baja Californiahttps://bit.ly/32CfTlw
Lugar: Mulegé, Mulegé
Dirección: Muy cerca del poblado de Mulegé, Baja California Sur.
Página web: Sendarupestre.cultura-bcs.gob.mx